Capt. Edmund MUNROE

Capt. Edmund MUNROE

Male 1736 - 1778

Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All

  • Name  Capt. Edmund MUNROE  [1, 2, 3
    Prefix  Capt. 
    Born  2 Feb 1736  Lexington, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Gender  Male 
    Died  28 Jun 1778  Monmouth, Monmouth Co., New Jersey, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Person ID  I126  Munro
    Last Modified  15 Jun 2008 

    Father  Col. William MUNROE,   b. 19 Dec 1703, Lexington, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Aug 1747, Lexington, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother  Sarah MASON,   b. 17 Jun 1714,   d. 13 Apr 1785 
    Married  3 Jan 1733  Lexington, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F65  Group Sheet

    Family  Rebecca HARRINGTON,   b. 17 Feb 1751,   d. 6 Mar 1834, Arlington, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  31 Aug 1768  [4
    Children 
     1. Lydia MUNROE,   b. 17 Sep 1769, Lexington, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Sep 1770
    >2. Rebecca MUNROE,   b. 27 Jun 1771, Lexington, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Apr 1848, Arlington, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
    >3. Pamelia MUNROE,   b. 20 Sep 1773, Lexington, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Jun 1849
     4. Edmund MUNROE,   b. 13 Oct 1775, Lexington, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 9 Feb 1854, Boston, Suffolk Co., Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
    >5. Abigail MUNROE,   b. 6 Dec 1777, Lexington, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 May 1838, Arlington, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified  20 Jan 2009 
    Family ID  F64  Group Sheet

  • Notes 
    • Edmund was distinguished as a military man. He entered the provincial service at an early age, was promoted to an ensign in a corps of Major Rogers Rangers, and saw service in the French War. He was acting adjutant in Colonel Hoar's regiment at Crown Point in 1761, received a commission from Governor Bernard in 1762, and as lieutenant in His Majesty's service, he continued with the troops at Crown Point, Ticonderoga, and vicinity until the peace of 1763.

      Besides serving in the French and Indian war, he was enrolled in the company of the Lexington minute men and was with them on the 19th of April. He further served in the Revolution with Rogers Rangers under Rogers and Hoar.

      He was commissioned lieutenant 12 Jul 1776 in Captain Mile's company and Colonel Reed's regiment. The 16th of the same month he was made quartermaster and destined to the northern frontier. In a letter to his wife, of 5 Aug 1776 from Charlestown, New Hampshire, he says, "We shall march from this place for Ticonderoga this day."

      On 1 Jan 1777 he received his commission of Captain in Colonel Bigelow's regiment. He was in the northern army under Gates, at Stillwater, Saratoga and Benington; and so distinguished himself that after the capture of Burgoyne he was presented by his superior officers with pair of candle-sticks, that were a part of General Burgoyne's traveling equipment or tent ornaments.

      After the capture of Burgoyne, Captain Munroe went to the Jerseys, and joined the army under Washington. On 28 Jun 1778 he was slain on the field of Freehold, more commonly called the Battle of Monmouth. The same cannon ball that killed him also took the life of his kinsman George Munroe [3033], and maimed Joseph Cox of Lexington for the rest of his life. The candle-sticks mentioned above, a sword, a curious beaded Indian powder horn, several head belts, pistols and so forth used by Captain Munroe in the French war, were left by his widow, in 1834 to her son Edmund.

      One of his original papers left in the family is the oath of office, bearing his signature and that of Baron de Kalb. It reads as follows:

      "I, Edmund Munroe, Captain in Colonel Bigelow's regiment, do acknowledge the United States of America to be free, Independent, and Sovereign States, and declare that the people thereof owe no allegiance to George, the Third, King of Great Britain; and I renounce and abjure any allegiance or obedience to him; and I do swear that I will to the utmost of my power to support, maintain, and defend the said United States against the said King George the Third, his heirs and successors, and his or their abettors, assistants, and adherents; and will serve the said United States in the office of Captain, which I now hold, with fidelity, according to the best of my ability, skill and understanding.
      (signed) Edmund Munro Capt.
      Sworn to, camp at Valley Forge, 18 May 1778.
      (signed) The Baron de Kalb Major General

      Captain Munroe was very brave, and without enthusiasm. Some of his letters show this coolness. In a letter to his wife from Valley Forge, 17 May 1778, he says, "I am going on command tomorrow morning down to the enemy lines. There are two thousand going on the command. I am of the mind, we will have a dispute with them before we return."

      Edmund was killed at the Battle of Monmouth by a cannon ball which also killed his relative, George Munro and maimed for life his fellow townsman, Joseph Cox of Lexington, Massachusetts.

      Compiled and edited by Allen Alger, Genealogist, Clan Munro Association, USA [5]

  • Sources 
    1. [S247] History of the Munros of Fowlis, Alexander Mackenzie, M.J.L., (Published in Inverness, Scotland by A & W Mackenzie (1898)), p. 574, 588 (Reliability: 3).

    2. [S67] Clan Munro files - MacCready, Robin Merrow, Robin Merrow MacCready, Membership application for Robin Merrow MacCready - date d 5 Sep 2000 (Reliability: 3).

    3. [S100] Lexington Munroes, Richard S. Munroe, (privately published in Florence, Massachusetts (1986)), p. 18 (Reliability: 3).

    4. [S247] History of the Munros of Fowlis, Alexander Mackenzie, M.J.L., (Published in Inverness, Scotland by A & W Mackenzie (1898)), p. 589 (Reliability: 3).

    5. [S247] History of the Munros of Fowlis, Alexander Mackenzie, M.J.L., (Published in Inverness, Scotland by A & W Mackenzie (1898)), p. 588-589 (Reliability: 3).